32 Important Q&A – Economic Impact of British Rule on India, Modern History of India (Chapter 5)

Economic Impact of British Rule on India, Modern History of India

Undermentioned questions asked from Economic Impact of British Rule on India which is a part of Modern History of India. These questions are asked in different exams and are most important from exam point of view. Practice of questions is necessary for preparation. We hope these 32 Q&A will be useful for you. Please leave a comment if any suggestion.

  1. With reference to the period of colonial rule in India ‘Home Charges’ formed an important part of the drain of wealth from India. Which of the following funds constituted ‘Home Charges’?

IAS Pre 2011

  1. Fund used to support the Indian Office in London.
  2. Funds used to pay salaries and pensions of British personnel engaged in India.
  3. Funds used for waging wars outside India by the British.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 Only

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Ans:- (b)

  1. The staple commodities of export by the English East India Company from Bengal the middle of the 18th century were

IAS Pre 2018

(a) Raw cotton, oil-eeds and opium

(b) Sugar, Salt, Zinc and lead

(c) Copper, Silver, Gold, spices and tea

(d) Cotton, Silk, Salt petre and opium

Ans:- (d) Cotton, Silk, Salt petre and opium

  1. The term ‘Imperial preference’ was applied to the:

IAS Pre 1999

(a) Special privilege on British imports in India

(b) Racial discrimination by the Britishers

(c) Subordination of Indian interest to that of the British

(d) Preference was given to British political agents over Indian Princes.

Ans:- (a) Special privilege on British imports in India

  1. There was no independence development of Industries in India during British rule because of the:

IAS PRE 1999

(a) Absence of heavy industries

(b) Scarcity of foreign capital

(c) Scarcity of natural resources

(d) Preference of the rich to invest in land

Ans:- (d) Preference of the rich to invest in land

  1. Economically, one of the results of the British rule in India in the 19th century was the

IAS Pre 2018

(a) Increase in the export of Indian handicraft

(b) growth in the number of Indian owned factories

(c) Commercialization of Indian agriculture

(d) rapid increase in the urban population

Ans:- (c) Commercialization of India agriculture

  1. Who introduced 1st-e- Marari settlement?

UPPCS Pre 1991

(a) Wellesley

(b) Warren Hasting

(c) Lord Cornwallis

(d) Lord Dufferin

Ans:- (c) lord Cornwallis

  1. The Permanent Settlement was introduced by

UPPCS Pre 2007, UPPCS Mains 2005

(a) Lord Hastings

(b) Lord Cornwallis

(c) Lord Curzon

(d) Lord William Bentinck

Ans:- (b) Lord Cornwallis

  1. Permanent Settlement was made with

MPPCS pre 1990

(a) Landlords

(b) Peasants

(c) Workers

(d) Traders

Ans:- (a) Landlords

  1. The ‘Permanent Settlement’ was made with-

53rd to 55th BPSC Pre 2011

(a) Zamindars

(b) Village Communities

(c) Muqaddamas.

(d) Peasant

Ans:- (a) Zamindars

  1. Which Governor- General introduced the permanent Land revenue system in India?

MPPCS Pre 2014

(a) Lord John Shore

(b) Lord Clive

(c) Lord Cornwallis

(d) Lord Warren Hastings

Ans:- (c) Lord Cornwallis

  1. Permanent Settlement of Lord Cornwallis was introduced in the year.

UPPCS Mains 2010

(a) 1787 AD

(b) 1789 AD

(c) 1790 AD

(d) 1793 AD

Ans:- (d) 1793 AD

  1. The tendency for increased litigation was visible after the introduction of the land settlement system of Lord Cornwallis in 1793. The reason for this normally traced to which of the following provisions?

IAS Pre 2011

(a) Making Zamindars position stronger vis a vis the ryot

(b) Making East India Company an overload of Zamindars

(c) Making judicial system more efficient

(d) None of the above statement (a), (b) and (c) is correct

Ans:- (d) None of the above statement (a), (b) and (c) is correct

  1. Under the Permanent Settlement, 1793, the Zamindars were required to issue pattas to the farmer which were not issued by many of the Zamindars. The reason was:

IAS Pre 2001

(a) the Zamindars were trusted by the farmers

(b) there was no officials check upon the Zamindars

(c) it was the responsibility of the British government

(d) the farmers were not interested in getting patts

Ans:- (b) there was no officials check upon the Zamindars

  1. Which one of the following is correct about the permanent settlement introduced in Bihar.

48th to 52nd BPCS Pre 2008

(a) The Zamindars were deprived of the ownership of the land.

(b) The right of ownership of land was made hereditary and transferable for the Zamindars

(c) Land revenue was constitutionalized

(d) Abolition of Zamindari

Ans:- (c) Land revenue was constitutionalized

  1. Fill in the blank:

In…………….the rights of the tenants on land in Bengal and Bihar given by the Bengal Tenancy Act.

56th to 59th BPSC Pre 2015

(a) 1885

(b) 1886

(c) 1889

(d) 1900

Ans:- (a) 1885

  1. Sir Thomas Munro is associated with the land revenue settlement:

UPPCS Pre 2000

(a) Permanent Settlement

(b) Mahalwari Settlement

(c) Ryotwari Settlement

(d) None of the above

Ans:- (c) Ryotwari Settlement

  1. Who was associated with the Ryotwari Settlement of Madras?

UPPCS Spl Pre 2008

(a) Malcolm

(b) Metcalfe

(c) Munro

(d) Elphinstone

Ans:- (d) Elphinstone

  1. Who started Ryotwari system?

UPPCS Pre 1992

(a) Thomas Munro

(b) Martin Burda

(c) Cornwallis

(d) Lord Dalhousie

Ans:- (a) Thomas Munro

  1. The Ryotwari settlement was introduced by the British in the

IAS Pre 1993

(a) Bengal Presidency

(b) Madras Presidency

(c) Bombay Presidency

(d) Madras & Bombay Presidency

Ans:- (d) Madras & Bombay Presidency

  1. The English introduced the Ryotwari System for the first time in

UPPCS Mains 2016

(a) Bengal Presidency

(b) Agra

(c) Bombay Presidency

(d) Madras Presidency

Ans:- (d) Madras Presidency

  1. In British System Ryotwari land revenue collection was prevalent in


(a) North India

(b) East India

(c) West India

(d) South India

Ans:- (c) West India & (d) South India

  1. When was the first tea company in Assam was established.

UPRO/ARO Pre 2016

(a) 1835

(b) 1837

(c) 1839

(d) 1841

Ans:- (c) 1839

  1. Who is the exponent of the Theory of “Economic Drain” of India during the British Rule?

UPPCS mains 2004, UPPCS Pre 1995

(a) MN Roy

(b) Jai Prakash Narayan

(c) Rammanohar Lohia

(d) Dadabhai Naoroji

Ans:- (d) Dadabhai Naoroji

  1. With reference to ‘deindustrialization, which of the following statements is/are correct?
  2. This process started in 1813.
  3. Abolition of monopoly trade rights of East India Company aggravated the process.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

(a) 1 Only

(b)2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Ans:- (c) Both 1 and 2

  1. Which of the following propounded the “Drain Teory”?


(a) Dadabhai Naoroji

(b) Gopal Krishna Gokhale

(c) Lokmanya Tilak

(d) Madan Mohan Malyiya

Ans:- (a) Dadabhai Naoroji


  1. Who of the following were economic critic/critics of colonialism in India?

         1.Dadabhai Naoriji   2. G Subramania Iyar    3.RC Dutt

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

IAS PRE 2015

(a) 1 Only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2, and 3 only

Ans:- (d) 1, 2, and 3 only

  1. Who among the following leaders did not believe in the drain theory of Dadabhai Naoroji?

IAS Pre 1996

(a) BG Tilak

(b) RC Dutta

(c) MG Ranade

(d) Sir Syed Ahmad Khan

Ans:- (d) Sir Syed Ahmad Khan

  1. Who authored the book “Poverty and the Unbritish Rule in India”?

UPPCS Mains 2004

(a) Amartya Kumar Sen

(b) Ramesh Chandra Dutt

(c) Gopal Krishna Gokhale

(d) Dadabhai Naoroji

Ans:- (d) Dadabhai naoroji

  1. 2 Who wrote a book describing the theory of economic drain of India during British rule?

UPPCS Mains 2007

(a) Lala Lajpat Rai

(b) Mahatma Gandhi

(c) Pt Jawahar lal Nehru

(d) Dadabhai Naoroji

Ans:-  (d) Dadabhai Naoroji

  1. Consider the following statements:-

The most effective contribution made by Dadabhai Naoroji to the cause of Indian National Movement was that the

  1. exposed the economic exploitation of India by the british.
  2. interpreted the ancient Indian texts and resorted the self-confidence of Indians.
  3. stressed the need for eradication of all the social evils before anything else. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 3

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Ans:- (a) Only 1

  1. Consider the following statements and select the correct answer from the code given below the statements:

Assertion (A) : Generally, India had a favourable balance of trade during the British rule.

Reason (R) : The drain of wealth took the form of unrequired exports.


(a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

(b) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)

(c) (A) is true, but (R) is false.

(d) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

Ans:- (a) Both (A) and (R) are true, and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

  1. Who considered that “British Economic Policy is disgusting in India”.

Uttrakhand UDA/LDA Mains 2007

(a) BG Tilak

(b) Dadabhai Naoroji

(c) Karl Marx

(d) Adam Smith

Ans:- (c) Karl Marx

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